The glenoid labrum is a ligamentous ring which sits on the glenoid fossa and deepens the socket in which the humeral head sits. This structure can be torn with anterior dislocations or subluxations and this further decreases the stability of the joint.

Symptoms of Labral tears

Symptoms of labral tears include a deep pain in the front of the shoulder joint during activity, popping or locking of the joint with movement, a feeling of instability and tenderness. Scans can be used to confirm the presence of a labral tear.

Treatment

Treatment consists of initial rest, followed by strength retraining to restore the stability of the joint. If instability and pain persist surgery may be required.